The history of military nurse dates back to 1090 AD when monks and nuns of different religions accompanied soldiers in wars and nursed the injured and ill fighters. In modern days Florence Nightingale is referred to as mother of military nursing when she led a team of volunteer nurses to treat the soldiers during the Crimean War in 1854. Her methods have been highly influential in the US nursing system. Her procedures were used by volunteer nurses serving both, the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War (1861 to 1865).
It was only after the American- Spanish war in 1898, the need for permanent nurse corps was felt and the American Nursing Corps was established in 1901. But in the early commission too military ranks were not awarded to nurses. It was sometime between World War I and II that the nurses got military status and there was a major increase in the number of women serving as military nurse after World War II. As many as 59,000 nurses were employed by the end of the Second World War.
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